Automated Fare Collection: A billing concept for public transport operators based on a check-in/check-out system.

EMV = Europay, Mastercard, Visa. Agreement between credit card companies on a standardized protocol for transaction between a credit card and a card reader. (Mainly security focused).

A product of Sony: This smartcard product is not compatible to ISO14443 but implements a proprietary  radio modulation.

GSM Association: Association of about 700 mobile network operators (MNOs) in 218 countries around the world.

Host Controller Interface: A specified interface for the NFC Chip for the communication with the host

Logical Link Control Protocol: Protocol used in NFC peer to peer transactions for a smooth establishment of communication. (e.g. handles Initiator + Target Configuration)

A product of NXP Semiconductors. It is a smartcard based on ISO14443A providing up to 4 KB of memory on the card.

Mobile Network Operator: The mobile network operator provides a platform for secure application for NFC
if having the UICC as the SE

Near field communication, or NFC, allows for simplified transactions, data exchange, and wireless connections between two devices in close proximity to each other, usually by no more than a few centimeters.

Near Field Communication Controller: Analog/Digital Frontend IC in the device to enable it for NFC transactions.

Standard for NFC (peer to peer mode) standardized in ISO18092 and ECMA 320/340.

Point of Sale

Public Transport Operator

Radio Frequency Identification: technology used to identify objects carrying RF transponders. NFC and  RFID technology have overlapping standards and terminology.

Secure Element: a Trusted Environment for storing sensitive data or applications.

Secure Access Module: module for the purpose of securely storing data, also refered as SE

Service Provider: an entity in the NFC ecosystem providing application. These applications do not need  to be based on a SE

A subscriber identity module or subscriber identification module (SIM) is an integrated circuit that securely stores the service-subscriber key (IMSI) used to identify a subscriber on mobile telephony devices.

Store Value Account: an account containing sensitive data like money or points to be used in a smartcard based infrastructures.

The Single Wire Protocol (SWP) is a specification for a single-wire connection between the SIM- or microSD card and a near field communication (NFC) chip in a cell phone.

Trusted Third Party: A trusted entity in a distributed environment. The TTP is the Certificate  Authority of a Public Key Infrastructure. The TTP is able to issue self-signed certificates.

Trusted Service Manager: A trusted entity in an NFC ecosystem managing the SE and acting as a moderator and resolving the m-to-n between MNOs and SPs.

The UICC (Universal Integrated Circuit Card) is the smart card used in mobile terminals in GSM and UMTS networks. The UICC ensures the integrity and security of all kinds of personal data.

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